|2019-05-22 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
中国石化新闻网讯 据油气新闻5月20日消息称，Arthur D. Little（ADL）最近的一份报告的第二部分—建设阶段的北溪2号经济影响”——分析了正在进行的从俄罗斯?#38477;?#22269;的两条天然气管道建设项目的经济影响(创造就业和GDP)。该报告是2017年早些时候一份报告的后续报告，分析了项目投资的现状，并得出结论，欧盟建设管道的总经济效益为99亿欧元。
这项由北溪2委委托Arthur D. Little进行的新研究的目的是了解该项目对欧洲经济的直?#21360;?#38388;接和诱导影响，以及对已经或正在对管道进行更详细实际投资的国家的影响。与前一份报告相比，本报告考虑了实际支出和详细的供应商数据，直到运营开始。
在进行与项目有关的主要建设活动的国家——俄罗斯、德国、芬兰、丹麦和瑞典——受到的影响最为显著; 在荷兰、英国、挪威和意大利等传?#25104;?#19982;近海石油和天然气工业?#36763;?#31995;的国家，服务提供者占大多数; 并在总部为项目开发商及其他国际服务提供商提供服务。目前的研究补充了对供应商的访问，这些访?#25163;?#23454;了该项目对公司发展和当地社区的有益影响。该研究还强调了一些主要的创新和针对项目工作带来的挑战的开创性解决方案。
曹海斌 摘译自 油气新闻
Study suggests Nord Stream 2 has total economic benefit to EU of €9.9 billion
The second part of a recent report from Arthur D. Little (ADL) – “Nord Stream 2 economic impact in the construction phase” – analyses the economic effects (job creation and GDP) of the ongoing project to build two new gas pipelines from Russia to Germany. The report, which is a follow-up to an earlier report created in 2017, analyses the current status of project investment and concludes that the total economic benefit to the European Union (EU) represents €9.9 billion for building the pipelines.
In comparison to the first report (2017), which was carried out in the procurement phase, more than twice as much CAPEX has now been committed and spent in several EU and non-EU countries now that the project is in the middle of construction. More than 1000 contractors from all over Europe and Russia are contributing to the realisation of the project. This includes both large international firms providing materials or construction services and small enterprises providing expert services. Furthermore, the investment until the end of December 2018 creates 57 500 full-time job equivalents in the EU over five years, adding €4.7 billion in GDP in various industrial sectors.
Nord Stream 2 is a major natural gas infrastructure project that aims to build a pipeline system with 55 billion m3 per year of transport capacity. It will safely and reliably export gas to the European market, where demand is stable but indigenous production is decreasing, creating an import gap.
The objective of the new Arthur D. Little study, commissioned by Nord Stream 2, is to understand the direct, indirect and induced effects of the project on the European economy, and on countries where actual investments in the pipeline have been or are being made in more detail. Compared to the previous report, the current one takes actual spent and detailed supplier data until the beginning of operations into account.
It estimates the effects related to the execution of the project, as well as those on supply chains and the wider economy. The analysis used an economic modeling tool (IMPLAN) based on underlying statistical databases for different economies. The study considers all committed and spent investments as of the end of December 2018 of (CAPEX) €8 billion.
The most pronounced effects are seen in countries where major project-related construction activities are taking place – Russia, Germany, Finland, Denmark and Sweden; in countries traditionally associated with the offshore oil and gas industry that host the majority of service providers – the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Norway and Italy; and at the headquarters of the project developer and other international service providers. The current study was complemented with supplier interviews which confirmed the beneficial impact the project has had on corporate development and local communities. Also highlighted in the study were some of the major innovations and pioneering solutions for challenges that resulted from project work.
Michael Kruse, Partner in ADL’s Energy & Utilities Practice, said: “At a time when the oil and gas industry is experiencing cut-backs and lay-offs, this report transparently demonstrates the benefits of large energy infrastructure projects such as Nord Stream 2.”